Moran, in the early s. Fagan, a United Nations interpreter, and Mr. Moran, a geologist for the oil industry, both collected recordings primarily classical music and shared their dismay over the lack of information available about Victor Red Seal records. Corresponding by post for a number of years, they conceived a project to document every Victor classical recording. According to Mr. Fagan’s introduction to the second and last published volume of their discography, as he and Mr. Moran developed their classical music discography they came to recognize that there would be equal interest by scholars and collectors in the recording sessions that surrounded Victor’s classical music recording sessions. They recognized that to limit their publication to the classical sessions would have been “inappropriate,” and that the complete historical context of Victor’s history, the “total picture,” was necessary. With that realization, they expanded their goal to document every Victor recording session for 78rpm discs. In , Mr.
RCA Victor Custom Record Division
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Victor’s Use of Matrix Numbers: Matrix Numbers on Other Record On this date the electric Orthophonic Victrola was introduced to the public.
Note: I haven’t kept up with this project over the past few years, but here, at least, is an updated version of the labelography page, with certain links fixed. The principal goal of this project is to assemble an illustrated list of label types found on home recording discs of the mid-twentieth century. A further and perhaps more important goal is to produce a dating guide for home recording discs.
Obviously there is no way to determine the date of an undated home recording with certainty based only on the label type. People often used blank discs many years after they were originally produced; I have discs in my collection manufactured during World War Two but recorded in the s, and some people are still making recordings on vintage blanks. However, by determining approximately when each label type was originally introduced, we can at least come up with a set of earliest possible recording dates for disc home recordings.
For example, a disc with a label type introduced about cannot have been recorded earlier than that, although it could have been recorded much later. Furthermore, it is likely that a majority of discs were in fact recorded a short time after their initial sale, so we might eventually be able to hazard educated guesses of, say, “circa ” based on a given label type.
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Victor Records in Hebrew and Yiddish Victor Records in Hebrew and Yiddish Victor Records in Discos Iberia. 32 pages. Date: Early s.
It is the second-oldest record label in American history, after sister label Columbia Records. In , the Radio Corporation of America RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company , then the world’s largest manufacturer of phonographs including the famous ” Victrola ” and phonograph records in British English , “gramophone records”.
The company then became RCA Victor. The format was abandoned by , and two-speed turntables were no longer offered, but some Program Transcriptions lingered in the Victor record catalog until the end of the s. During the early part of the Depression, RCA Victor made a number of attempts to create a successful cheap label to compete with the “dime store labels” Perfect , Oriole , Banner , Melotone , etc. The first was the short-lived “Timely Tunes” label in sold at Montgomery Ward. It was originally an 8-inch record with a dark blue label, alongside an 8-inch Electradisk label sold at Woolworth ‘s.
Neither were a success. In , RCA Victor reintroduced Bluebird and Electradisk as a standard inch label Bluebird’s label was redesigned, and it became known as the ‘buff’ label. Another cheap label, Sunrise, was produced although nobody seems to know for whom it was produced, as Sunrise records are exceptionally rare today.
The same musical couplings were issued on all three labels and the Bluebird label still survives today, eight decades after Electradisk and Sunrise were discontinued.
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The Arhoolie Foundation Archive contains many vintage record company catalogs and publications of regional and ethnic music. Not only do these catalogs list recordings, but some have information and photos of musicians and lyrics to songs. Below is a selection from these relics of a bygone era. Click on image to open and view contents not all publications have their contents scanned updated with additional catalogs Song lyric magazine produced by various companies.
In the early years of the history of the Victor Record Company, the factories, offices, To date we do not know of any photographs that give us a good enough.
When Emile Berliner first established the United States Gramophone Company in , the recording industry was already eight years old; it had been a tumultuous beginning for the business, marked by a race to register patents, industrial espionage, and personal rivalries. The next six years would bring more conflict, and in the end would lead to Berliner’s decision to give up control of his patents in the United States to his associate, Eldridge Johnson, and establish an independent company in Canada.
Shortly after inventing the phonograph in , Thomas Edison established the first business devoted to recorded sound, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company. It had five stockholders including Gardiner G. Hubbard, Alexander Graham Bell’s father-in-law. After initial demonstrations of the new invention, like the one at Rideau Hall, however, the company went dormant and Edison turned his attention elsewhere. This prompted Edison to take up his interest in the phonograph in an attempt to reassert control over sound recording technology, and to reorganize his original corporation into the Edison Phonograph Co.
It was at this time that Edison adopted modifications of some of the Bell-Tainter innovations and created the Improved Phonograph which utilized solid wax cylinders and a sapphire-point stylus. One of the earliest surviving audio recordings made in Canada was made by Lord Stanley, Governor General of Canada, to the people and president of the United States.
The whereabouts of the original cylinder, made on September 11, , are unknown, but a re-recording was made in President and gentlemen, The best use that I can make of this wonder of the age, the phonograph, is to bid you, on behalf of the citizens of the Dominion of Canada, the most hearty welcome and to assure you that we are at all times most happy to meet our friends from the United States in the pursuit of song, of art and all that may embellish the human life.
We bid you a very hearty welcome. Though there had already been considerable competition between the two rivals, the Edison Phonograph Company and the American Graphophone Company both agreed to allow a wealthy businessman, Jesse Lippincott, to form the North American Phonograph Co. Lippincott’s enterprise soon failed, however, and in , the North American Phonograph Company went bankrupt.
Victor’s Use of Matrix Numbers
Sony Music Entertainment is pleased to announce another ten releases in its increasingly comprehensive series of Classical Masters. These new box sets contain classic interpretations by some of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century. This new Sony Classical release needs no elaboration. It comprises the complete Victor recordings of the incomparable tenor Enrico Caruso, made between and
Document Date Ranges Industry Documents Update: 23, documents added to the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents: 23, new RJ Reynolds Records.
The Victor Company and its successors made no Gilbert and Sullivan recordings of any note, except the three sets on so-called long playing discs of the Victor Light Opera Company’s H. None of these have discernible matrix numbers. The Victor releases of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas were imported and repressed from the original Gramophone Company matrices.
However, the worldwide importance of the recordings and related activities of the Victor Company impels the writer to present a detailed study of the matrix number systems used by them. When he became embroiled in litigations over various patent rights, he approached Emile Berliner, and founded the Victor Talking Machine Company on October 3, Berliner received forty percent of the stock, for which he gave Johnson the rights to the gramophone patents, which apparently included those for both the manufacture of gramophones and the recording process.
This seems evident from the three patent numbers on the identification plate for the Berliner Gramophone, shown in Part One of this article. Patent No. The photos above are adapted from and reproduced with the permission of Kurt Nauck of Nauck Vintage Records. The descriptions are courtesy of Allen Sutton of Mainspring Press. My thanks and appreciation to both.
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Beginning in , Columbia Records continued development of this technology. Peter Goldmark and his staff undertook exhaustive efforts to address problems of recording and playing back narrow grooves and developing an inexpensive, reliable consumer playback system. The EP discs typically emulated the playing time of the former 78 rpm discs, while the LP discs provided up to one-half hour of time per side.
The judge, Victor Marrero, has scheduled a hearing for Thursday, The office asked for returns and other financial records dating to
We are redesigning our catalogue. To take a sneak peek click on the slider to the right, search and order your records and send us some feedback. You can also order records as normal via this site below. You may need to perform a search again if switching between old and Beta versions of the site. Public Record Office Victoria holds an extraordinary array of records created by the Victorian Government from the mids to now. Our impressive collection includes records of immigration and shipping, criminal trials and prisons, premiers and governors, royal commissions, boards of inquiry, wills and probates and much more.
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